Pacific Rubber Snake

By Grant Keddie. Oct 3, 1974. The Pacific Rubber Snake in the Lower Chilcotin. This article was published in 1975, in the British Columbia Provincial Museum’s publication Syesis. I have added in the original images that were not used in the final publication. I have also added the specific geographical points for the two snake specimens. 51 degrees, 44’ 02” north latitude and 122 degrees, 25’ 30” longitude for the higher elevation specimen and 51 degrees, 44’ 05” North latitude and 122 degrees, 24’, 15” latitude for the lower elevation specimen.   The Pacific Rubber Snake in the Lower Chilcotin During an archaeological and ecological survey of the Lower Chilcotin region in the summer of 1972, two Pacific rubber snakes, Charina … Continue reading “Pacific Rubber Snake”

Aboriginal Use and Context of Pipes, Tobacco, and Smoking in Northwestern North America

Originally published in Perspectives on the Archaeology of Pipes, Tobacco and other Smoke Plants in the Ancient Americas. Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology. Springer, Cham. 2016. By Grant Keddie 9.1 Introduction Aboriginal groups in the far northwest of North America were some of most northerly Native peoples throughout the Americas to use tobacco (Turner and Taylor 1972). This chapter provides an overview of tobacco consumption and smoking practices of Native peoples living in British Columbia, Canada, and the Northwest Coast of the United States. The discussion breaks the larger region into three subregions— the Interior Plateau of southern British Columbia, the Northern Coast of Alaska and British Columbia, and the Southern Coast of British Columbia—to compare and contrast the uses of … Continue reading “Aboriginal Use and Context of Pipes, Tobacco, and Smoking in Northwestern North America”